Aterosclerotic calcifications of head and neck arteries, and its relation to stenosis of internal carotid artery in patients with cerebrovascular disease symptoms

The presence of significant stenosis at the proximal part of the internal carotid artery is an important risk factor for stroke. Calcified atherosclerotic plaques play an important role in both coronary artery stenosis and stroke. Calcifications in the arteries of the head and neck are visible on head CT, but their relation to proximal carotid artery stenosis is unclear.

In this study, we investigate whether the volume of calcifications in the arteries of the head and neck can be used as an indicator of stenosis at the proximal part of the internal carotid artery.



CT scan of the head and neck. Arterial calcifications in the intracranial carotid artery (left), and mixed aterosclerotic plaques with significant (middle) and non-significant stenosis (right) in the carotid artery.


Researchers


Papers in international journals

1.N. Gotovac, I. Isgum, M.A. Viergever, G.J. Biessels, J. Fajdic, B.K. Velthuis, M. Prokop. Calcium at the carotid siphon as an indicator of internal carotid artery stenosis. European Radiology, 2013, vol. 23, pp. 1478-1486 Abstract | pdf )

Misc

1.N. Gotovac, I. Isgum, B.K. Velthuis, M.A. Viergever, J. Fajdic, M. Prokop. Positive calcium scores in the carotid arteries indicate carotid bifurcation stenosis. European Congres of Radiology, 2014 ( pdf )
2.N. Gotovac, I. Isgum, B.K. Velthuis, M.A. Viergever, J. Fajdic, M. Prokop. Feasibility of calcium scoring of intracranial arteries as a measure of arteriosclerosis in stroke patients. European Congres of Radiology, 2011 ( pdf )